Kammen, Daniel M., Doug Rotman, Magali Delmas, David Feldman, Mike Mielke, Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Daniel Sperling (2016) Scaling Up Solutions to State, National and Global Levels. Chapter 6 in Bending the Curve: Ten Scalable Solutions for Carbon Neutrality and Climate Stability. Collabra 2 (1), 20
Scaling-up solutions require learning and adapting lessons between locations and at different scales. To accomplish this, common metrics are vital to building a shared language. For California, this has meant careful financial, cradle-to-grave life-cycle assessment methods leading to carbon accounting in many avenues of government (via the Low Carbon Fuel Standard or the Cap and Trade program). These methods themselves interact, such as the use of carbon accounting for the resources needed to manage water and other key resources; the use of criteria air pollution monitoring to identify environmental injustices; and the use of carbon market revenues to address these inequalities, through investment in best available abatement technologies (BACT) and in job creation in disadvantaged communities anticipated in the emerging clean energy sector.
Creating interdisciplinary partnerships across the UC Campuses and the National Laboratories to innovate science and technology is critical to scalable carbon neutrality solutions. As an example, we can build coordinated research and development programs across UC and California, with strong partnerships with the Federal government to coordinate and “multiply” resources that accelerate development and deployment. These partnerships should be strongly goal-focused, i.e., they are created to solve specific, large problems, to enable quantitatively measurable outcomes within energy generation, efficiency and CO2 abatement categories. Intersectoral partnerships should be fostered across campuses, laboratories, with state, federal and multi-lateral organizations funding to develop technologies and deploy solutions at scale. Integrated partnerships with industry are required to influence markets, deploy solutions, and create new industries and jobs.
Beyond California, we need to establish consortia with industry and foundations to deploy solutions at the regional, state, national, and international scale to create new industries, new jobs, and further UC and California’s leadership position. Significant economic opportunities exist, such as promoting aggressive electric vehicle programs elsewhere in the world, where California-based companies could play a key role on many fronts, via electric vehicles themselves, but also through building-integrated smart meters, inverters, solar and other clean energy generation technologies. All work must include a focus on environmental justice both at home in California and through global partnerships.