Hardman, Scott, Gil Tal, Thomas S. Turrentine, Jonn Axsen, George Beard, Nicolo Daina, Erik Figenbaum, Niklas Jakobsson, Alan Jenn, Patrick Jochem, Neale Kinnear, Patrick Plötz, Jose Pontes, Nazir Refa, Frances Sprei, Bert Witkamp (2017) Driving the Market for Plug-in Vehicles – Developing PEV Charging Infrastructure for Consumers. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-17-29
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are more efficient and less polluting than internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). PEVs will need to increase market shares quickly to have the most significant impact on urban air pollution, energy consumption, and climate change. PEV success is partially reliant on the development of reliable recharging infrastructure. The development of this infrastructure should be carefully considered so that it leads to increased PEV sales, increased PEV usage, and so that the infrastructure meets the needs of PEV users. PEV charging infrastructure should be developed by policymakers, OEMs, utilities, employers, housing developers, charging infrastructure companies, and any other stakeholders. Policymakers have significant opportunities in ensuring the right infrastructure is developed. Policymakers can mandate or regulate how infrastructure it deployed.
This guide provides policymakers and stakeholders with the information they need to understand considerations for the development of infrastructure to support PEV market development. The guide provides information on charging levels, charge points, location, charge point access and payment, recharging costs, considerations for households with on street parking, the number of charging stations, charge point dependability, charge management, and implications for public transit.
International EV Policy Council Policy Brief