Available online at: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/9g12v6r0
Rodier, Caroline J. and Julia Michaels (2018) Brief: Travel Effects and Associated Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Automated Vehicles. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Brief UCD-ITS-RR-18-47
Automated vehicles (AVs) may significantly disrupt our transportation system, with potentially profound environmental effects. This policy brief outlines the mechanisms by which AVs may affect the environment through influencing travel demand, as well as the magnitude of these effects on vehicle miles travelled (VMT) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Personal AVs and AV taxis (or ride-hailing services) are likely to increase VMT and GHG, exacerbate traffic congestion in city centers, and potentially lead to suburban sprawl. Electrification and vehicle sharing may reduce some of these environmental effects, but targeted policies must be put in place to ensure that these solutions are effective.
Key words: Automated vehicles, environmental impacts, vehicle miles of travel, pollutants