Congestion Pricing and Motor Vehicle Emissions: An Initial Review
Guensler, Randall L. and Daniel Sperling (1994) Congestion Pricing and Motor Vehicle Emissions: An Initial Review. Transportation Research Board Special Report (242), 356 - 379
This paper examines the air quality impacts likely to result from congestion pricing. Key questions addressed are: What effect will congestion pricing have on trip making and VMT? How will traffic volumes change on priced and unpriced routes? How will the change in traffic volume affect the operating environment of vehicles (examined as a change in average vehicle speed under the current modeling regime) and the resulting emission rates per unit of vehicle activity? What changes in vehicle emissions are expected to result from overall changes in vehicle activity and emission rates? In this paper, the focus is on the effects of postulated changes in average vehicle operating speeds on emission rates. The existing emission modeling regime for average speed changes is examined, and a range of emission rate changes based on the projected changes in average vehicle operating speeds is provided. Using projected changes in average vehicle speeds provided by Harvey (in this volume, pp 89-114), percentage changes in emission rates associated with the implementation of four congestion pricing scenarios are examined.