Gifford, Jonathan L., T. A. Horan, Daniel Sperling (1992) Transportation, Information Technology and Public Policy: Institutional and Environmental Issues in IVHS. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Presentation Series UCD-ITS-RP-92-21
The recent advent of advanced communications and control technologies in road transport, known variously as intelligent vehicle-highway systems (IVHS) in the U.S. and as road transport informatics (RTI) or advanced transport telematics (ATT) in Europe, has created considerable enthusiasm in the transportation community (the term IVHS will be used hereinafter). These technologies have the potential to reduce highway congestion and delay, reduce air pollution, and improve the quality and timeliness of travel-related information for both single- and multiple-occupant vehicles and transit.
Until recently, most analysis focused on technical capabilities and the technical challenges associated with the design and widespread implementation of IVHS. Attention has now begun to shift to the policy issues implicit in the continued development and implementation of these technologies. Indeed, increased attention to these issues is a logical extension of the success of these technical efforts. These policy and implementation issues encompass a wide range, including legal liability, the respective roles of public and private institutions, intergovernmental relations, international competitiveness, standardization, environmental impacts and land use and urban form.