Guensler, Randall L., Daniel Sperling, Paul P. Jovanis (1991) Uncertainty in the Emission Inventory for Heavy-Duty Diesel-Powered Trucks. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-91-02
For the most part, heavy-duty diesel and gasoline truck emission inventories are more uncertain than light-duty vehicle emission inventories, due to limited heavy-duty laboratory testing of vehicles and scant knowledge about heavy-duty vehicle activity patterns. Additional concentrated research efforts are called for on all fronts of the heavy-duty emission inventory preparation methodology.
Sources of modeling uncertainty are described and discussed in this report, and a research framework designed to reduce uncertainty in the emission inventory for heavy-duty trucks is provided. The CARB is strongly encouraged to initiate its proposed research program for testing and specifying mode-specific heavy-duty truck emission rates, and emission rate correction factors. A complementary research effort to provide accurate estimates of applicable heavy-duty vehicle activities is also necessary.