Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS)
The fossil-fuel power sector and energy-intensive industries are major producers of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, contributing to rising global CO2 levels that have been linked to climate change. CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technology is therefore being developed for application to power plants and in CO2-intensive industries to reduce the carbon footprint of these activities, in order to mitigate the potentially harmful effects of climate change.
CO2 capture options range from post- and pre-combustion separation to advanced combustion-based options, which are applicable to both new-build power plant or as a retrofit to existing plant, and can also be adopted in other industries. CO2 storage options range from geological sequestration in deep saline aquifers and utilisation of CO2 for enhanced oil and gas recovery, to mineral carbonation and biofixation. Developments and innovations in this field are aimed at increasing the effectiveness and lowering the cost of capture, and at verifying the safety and efficacy of storage/sequestration.
Volume 1 initially reviews the economics, regulation and planning of CCS for power plants and industry, and goes on to explore developments and innovation in post- and pre-combustion and advanced combustion processes and technologies for CO2 capture in power plants. This coverage is extended with sections on CO2 compression, transport and injection and industrial applications of CCS technology, including in the cement, concrete, iron and steel industries.