Publication Detail

Flip the Switch



Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS)

Suggested Citation:
Jaffe, Amy Myers (2007) Flip the Switch. Foreign Policy, 44

Slowly, quietly, the oil world has been transformed. The major international oil companies that dominated energy markets throughout the latter half of the 20th century -- the ExxonMobils, BPs, and Royal Dutch Shells -- now own less than 10 percent of the world's oil and gas. They've been pushed aside by government-controlled national oil companies, which now command close to 80 percent of the world's remaining oil reserves, overwhelmingly dominate oil production and pricing, and aren't afraid to flex their geopolitical muscle.
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