Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1087724X18757535
Seo, Kihwan, Deborah Salon, Fraser M. Shilling, Michael Kuby (2018) Pavement Condition and Residential Property Values: A Spatial Hedonic Price Model for Solano County, California. Public Works Management & Policy 23 (3), 243 - 261
Transportation agencies invest billions of dollars every year in resurfacing roadways, ostensibly to improve the travel experience. When locally funded, one justification for increased expenditure on the pavement surface is that it could increase property values. We evaluated this approach directly, using hedonic regression to estimate the relationship between pavement condition and residential property value in Solano County, California. We hypothesized that improving pavement condition would positively affect property values in two ways: directly as an indicator of neighborhood blight and indirectly through its effect on traffic conditions and noise. We estimated this relationship for the County as a whole and for each city within the County, controlling for spatial autocorrelation. The estimated relationship is small in magnitude and often not statistically significant. Although there are certainly reasons to improve pavement condition, our results suggest that increasing property value may not be one of them.
Key words: Pavement condition index, residential property value, hedonic model, spatial econometrics