Publication Detail

Development of Artificial Neural Networks for Predicting the Response of Bonded Concrete Overlays of Asphalt for Use in a Faulting Prediction Model

UCD-ITS-RP-18-70

Reprint

UC Pavement Research Center

Suggested Citation:
DeSantis, John, Julie Vandenbossche, Kevin Alland, John T. Harvey (2018) Development of Artificial Neural Networks for Predicting the Response of Bonded Concrete Overlays of Asphalt for Use in a Faulting Prediction Model. Transportation Research Record 2672 (40), 360 - 370

Transverse joint faulting is a common distress in bonded concrete overlays of asphalt pavements (BCOAs), also known as whitetopping. However, to date, there is no predictive faulting model available for these structures. To account for conditions unique to BCOA, a computational model was developed using a three-dimensional finite element program, ABAQUS, to predict the response of these structures. The model was validated with falling weight deflectometer (FWD) data from existing field sections at the Minnesota Road Research Facility (MnROAD) as well as at the University of California Pavement Research Center (UCPRC). A large database of analyses was then developed using a fractional factorial design. The database is used to develop predictive models, based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), to rapidly estimate the structural response at the joint in BCOA to environmental and traffic loads. The structural response will be related to damage using the differential energy concept. Future work includes the implementation of the developed ANNs in this study into a faulting prediction model for designing BCOA.

Key words: Asphalt pavements, mathematical models, mathematical prediction, neural networks, whitetopping