Gifford, Jonathan L., T. A. Horan, Daniel Sperling (1992) IVHS/RTI Institutional and Environmental Issues: A Policy Research and Outreach Agenda for United States. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Presentation Series UCD-ITS-RP-92-17
The implementation of intelligent vehicle-highway systems (IVHS, also known in Europe as Road Transport Informatics, or RTI) has raised a wide range of policy issues in the United States. Recent attention has focused on two major policy issues: (1) implementation issues related the roles of private industry, government and market forces; and (2) energy, environment, urban form and land use. These central policy themes give rise to a wide range of related social, economic and technical issues. What role should be played by government and industry, and within government between federal, state and local entities? How should system development and deployment be financed? What are appropriate standards and how should they be developed? What are the costs and benefits of IVHS and what is their incidence across various socio-economic groups? How will air quality be affected? Who will bear the liability for system failures? How will individual privacy be protected? How will IVHS affect the shape of metropolitan areas? These related policy areas are examined and discussed in order to identify and prioritize strategic policy research topics.