Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS)
Available online at doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.05.013
Yang, Christopher (2013) A Framework for Allocating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation to Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging. Energy Policy 60, 722 - 732
This paper describes a number of different allocation methods for assigning greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation to charging plug-in electric vehicles. These methods for calculating the carbon intensity of electricity are discussed in terms of merits and drawbacks and are placed into a framework to aid in understanding the relation with other allocation methods. Three independent decisions are used to define these methods (average vs. marginal, aggregate vs. temporally-explicit, and retrospective vs. prospective). This framework is important because the use of different methods can lead to very different carbon intensities and studies or analyses that do not properly identify the methods used can confuse policymakers and stakeholders, especially when compared to other studies using different methods.
Keywords: carbon intensity; emission factors; methodology