Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS)
Available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2013.05.008
Chen, Yuche and Yueyue Fan (2013) Transportation Fuel Portfolio Design Under Evolving Technology and Regulation: A California Case Study. Transportation Research Part D 24, 76 - 82
In this paper, a multistage optimization model, which introduces a dynamic notion of sustainability, is established to identify a sustainable liquid fuel portfolio subject to evolving technology and environmental regulations. A case study based on California data is implemented to examine the impacts of cellulosic technology evolvement on liquid fuel industry, including the choice of fuel portfolio, the infrastructures needs, and the overall system cost and emission. It is found that cellulosic ethanol technology readiness has a significant effect on the choice of fuel portfolio and the expansion pattern of cellulosic ethanol industry, under the low carbon fuel standard, an environmental mandate in California.
Keywords: Sustainable transportation energy; Optimal portfolio; California low carbon fuel standard; Cellulosic ethanol