Publication Detail

Using a Stages of Change Approach to Explore Opportunities for Increasing Bicycle Commuting



Available online at: DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2015.05.005

Suggested Citation:
Thigpen, Calvin, Brigitte Driller, Susan L. Handy (2015) Using a Stages of Change Approach to Explore Opportunities for Increasing Bicycle Commuting. Transportation Research Part D 39, 44 - 55

Given the potential beneï¬ts of bicycling to the environment, the economy, and public health, many U.S. cities have set ambitious goals for increasing the bicycle share of com-mute trips. The Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change, which seeks to describe how positive and permanent change can be fostered in individuals, may shed light on how cities can most effectively increase bicycle commuting. We use the model’s ‘‘stages of change’’ framework to explore the potential for increased bicycle commuting to the UC Davis cam-pus in Davis, California. Our analysis uses data from the 2012 to 2013 UC Davis Campus Travel Survey, an annual online survey that is randomly administered to students and employees at UC Davis. Based on their responses to questions about current commute mode and contemplation of bicycle commuting, respondents are divided into ï¬ve stages of change: Pre-contemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, and Maintenance. We construct a Bayesian multilevel ordinal logistic regression model to understand how differ-ences in socio-demographic characteristics, travel attributes, and travel attitudes between individuals explain their membership in different stages of change. In addition, we use this model to explore the potential of various intervention strategies to move individuals through the stages of change toward becoming regular bicycle commuters. Our results indicate that travel attitudes matter more to progression toward regular commute bicycling than travel attributes, tentatively supporting the efï¬cacy of ‘‘soft’’ policies focused on changing travel attitudes.