Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0361198106196400121
Nie, Yu Marco and Yueyue Fan (2006) Arriving-On-Time Problem: Discrete Algorithm That Ensures Convergence. Transportation Research Record 1964 (1), 193 - 200
Finding optimal paths in stochastic networks is an important topic in many scientific and engineering fields. To cope with uncertainty, various performance measures, including expected travel time, reliability, value at risk, and expectation with chance constraint, have been introduced. The literature has shown that adaptive strategies that incorporate both anticipation and real-time information are more efficient than a preplanned strategy in a stochastic environment. Most adaptive optimal-path algorithms focus on least-expected travel time. Recently, an adaptive path-finding strategy, named the stochastic on-time arrival (SOTA) algorithm, was proposed to maximize the travel time reliability for any given time threshold. However, the originally proposed SOTA algorithm is based on the classic successive approximation. Whether this algorithm converges within a finite number of successive approximation steps is an open question. In this study, the proposed discrete SOTA algorithm runs in an optimal polynomial time and thus improves the computational efficiency significantly. Numerical examples are provided, and future extensions are proposed.