Publication Detail

Hydrogen Infrastructure Requirements for Zero-Emission Freight Applications in California


Research Report

UC ITS Research Reports / Senate Bill 1 (SB1)

Suggested Citation:
Li, Guozhen, Joan M. Ogden, Marshall Miller (2021) Hydrogen Infrastructure Requirements for Zero-Emission Freight Applications in California. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-21-16

Zero-emission vehicles are seen as key technologies for reducing freight-related air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. California’s 2016 Sustainable Freight Action Plan established a target of 100,000 zero-emission freight vehicles utilizing renewable fuels by 2030. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are a promising zero-emission technology, especially for applications where batteries might be difficult to implement, such as heavy-duty trucks, rail, shipping and aviation. However, California’s current hydrogen infrastructure is sparse, with about 25 stations, primarily sited to serve fuel cell passenger vehicles and buses. New infrastructure strategies will be critical for implementing hydrogen freight applications. The researchers analyzed hydrogen infrastructure requirements, focusing on hydrogen fuel cells in freight applications, using a California-specific EXCEL-based scenario model developed under the Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways program (STEPS) at the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis (Miller et al, 2017). Hydrogen vehicle adoption and demand was estimated for trucks, rail, shipping, and aviation, for a range of scenarios out to 2050.

Key words: Zero emission vehicles, hydrogen fuels, fuel cells, freight transportation, heavy duty trucks, service stations, demand, mathematical models