Bagley, Michael N. and Patricia L. Mokhtarian (2002) The Impact of Residential Neighborhood Type on Travel Behavior: A Structural Equations Modeling Approach. The Annals of Regional Science 36 (2), 279 - 297
In terms of both direct and total effects, attitudinal and lifestyle variables had the greatest impact on travel demand among all the explanatory variables. By contrast, residential location type had little impact on travel behavior. This is perhaps the strongest evidence to date supporting the speculation that the association commonly observed between land use configuration and travel patterns is not one of direct causality, but due primarily to correlations of each of those variables with others. In particular, the results suggest that when attitudinal, lifestyle, and sociodemographic variables are accounted for, neighborhood type has little influence on travel behavior.