Publication Detail

Facilitating Micromobility For First And Last Mile Connection With Public Transit Through Environmental Design: A Case Study Of California Bay Area Rapid Transit Stations

UCD-ITS-RP-21-16

Journal Article

3 Revolutions Future Mobility Program

Suggested Citation:
Ferguson, Beth and Angela Sanguinetti (2021) Facilitating Micromobility For First And Last Mile Connection With Public Transit Through Environmental Design: A Case Study Of California Bay Area Rapid Transit Stations. Proceedings of the Design Society 1

Micromobility has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, traffic congestion, and air pollution, particularly when replacing private vehicle use in conjunction with public transit for firstand last-mile travel. The design of the built environment in and around public transit stations plays a key role in the integration of public transit and micromobility. This research presents a case study of rail stations in the California Bay Area, which are in the operation zone of seven shared micromobility operators. Nineteen stations and their surroundings were surveyed to inventory design features that could enable or constrain use of micromobility for first- and last-mile access. Shared mobility service characteristics, crime records, and connections to underserved communities were also documented. Key design solutions were identified based on the findings, including protected bike lanes, increased shared bike and scooter fleet size and service area, and clear signage indicating parking corral and docking points.

Key words: Micromobility, Urban Design, Societal consequences, Social responsibility, Ecodesign