Hydrogen Pathways Program, Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS), Sustainable Freight
Available online at: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/22z8260f
Burke, Andrew and Lewis Fulton (2022) Use Of Liquid Hydrogen in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications: Station And Vehicle Technology and Cost Considerations. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-22-83
In this report, various aspects of the use of liquid hydrogen (LH2) in heavy-duty vehicle applications, especially for fuel-cell transit buses and long-haul trucks, were considered in detail. Special attention was given to the cost of hydrogen refueling stations that receive and store the hydrogen as LH2 and the cost of liquefaction of the hydrogen. Other areas of focus included the physical characteristics and cost of onboard hydrogen storage units being developed that use LH2. Storing hydrogen onboard a long haul truck or bus as a cryogenic liquid (LH2) can increase the range the range (miles per refueling) of the vehicle by a factor of 1.5 to 2 depending on the pressure (350-700 Bar) of the hydrogen gas unit being replaced.