Publication Detail

New Statistical Framework for Estimating Carbon Monoxide Impacts


Journal Article

Suggested Citation:
Meng, Yu and Debbie A. Niemeier (2000) New Statistical Framework for Estimating Carbon Monoxide Impacts. Journal of Transportation Engineering 126 (5), 426 - 433

The EPA specifies that level-of-service D intersections must undergo detailed microscale carbon monoxide modeling using the recommended software such as CAL3QHCr, which requires an in-depth knowledge of microscale dispersion modeling of pollutants. In this study, a new statistical framework is introduced that is intended to replicate the microscale modeling results achieved with CAL3QHCr. The new framework provides an important means for assessing air quality impacts during the design phase of a transportation project, without having to acquire the modeling skills and/or dispersion modeling knowledge necessary to execute CAL3QHCr. To develop the framework, approximately 23,000 CAL3QHCr simulation scenarios were generated by varying the input values of the major design and dispersion modeling factors. The input values, together with the corresponding output values of CAL3QHCr simulations, were used to specify a statistical model for predicting carbon monoxide concentrations. The statistical model was then validated using field meteorological conditions for five cities in California. The study results show that the proposed model can be easily and reliably used by traffic engineers to predict potential carbon monoxide exceedances at the planning stages for transportation projects.