Publication Detail

Temporal Disaggregation of Travel Demand for High Resolution Emission Inventories


Journal Article

Suggested Citation:
Lin, Kuo-Shian and Debbie A. Niemeier (1998) Temporal Disaggregation of Travel Demand for High Resolution Emission Inventories. Transportation Research Part D 3 (6), 375 - 387

The commonly used photochemical air quality model, the Urban Airshed Model (UAM), requires emission estimates with grid-based, hourly resolution. In contrast, travel demand models, used to simulate the travel activity model inputs for the transportation-related emissions estimation, typically only provide traffic volumes for a specific travel period (e.g. the a.m. and p.m. peak periods). A few transportation agencies have developed procedures to allocate period-based travel demand data into hourly emission inventories for regional grid cells. Because there was no theoretical framework for disaggregating period-based volumes to hourly volumes, application of these procedures frequently relied upon a single hypothetical hourly distribution of travel volumes. This study presents a new theoretical modeling framework that integrates traffic count data and travel demand model link volume estimates to derive intra-period hourly volume estimates by trip purpose. We propose a new interpretation of the model coefficients and define hourly allocation factors by trip purpose. These allocation factors can be used to disaggregate the travel demand model 'period-based' simulation volumes into hourly resolution, thereby improving grid-based, hourly emission estimates in the UAM.