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Emerging Travel Patterns: Do Telecommunications Make a Difference?


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Suggested Citation:
Mokhtarian, Patricia L. and Ilan Salomon (1997) Emerging Travel Patterns: Do Telecommunications Make a Difference?. Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, Presentation Series UCD-ITS-RP-97-39

Prepared for the Eighth Meeting of the International Association of Travel Behavior Research, Austin, TX

This paper reviews empirical studies of the relationships between telecommunications and travel. The studies are classified into three approaches: macro-scale, micro-scale application-specific, and micro-scale comprehensive (activity-based). Within the second category we review the literature on the applications of telecommuting, teleconferencing, teleshopping, and the telephone.

A diversity of relationships is identified, with some studies finding complementarity and others finding substitution. Hypotheses and directions for future research are discussed, including the need to further develop the comprehensive activity-based approach and to synthesize accounting exercises with behavioral modeling approaches to yield causal forecasts of the impacts of telecommunications on travel.
Revised November 1997