Publication Detail

Freight Generation, Freight Trip Generation, and the Perils of Using Constant Trip Rates

UCD-ITS-RP-11-101

Reprint

Available online at: DOI:  10.3141/2224-09

Suggested Citation:
Holguín-Veras, José, Miguel Jaller, Lisa Destro, Xuegang Ban, Catherine T. Lawson, Herbert S. Levinson (2011) Freight Generation, Freight Trip Generation, and the Perils of Using Constant Trip Rates. Transportation Research Record 2224, 68 - 81

Several findings call into question current practices. The chief conclusion is that the accuracy of freight generation (FG) and freight trip generation (FTG) models depends on the consistency between the model's structure and actual FG-FTG patterns, the degree of internal heterogeneity of the economic and land use aggregation used to estimate the model, and the appropriateness of the spatial aggregation procedure used to obtain the desired FG-FTG estimates. Relative to model structure, the paper establishes strong reasons to treat FG and FTG as separate concepts, because the latter is the output of logistic decisions, whereas the former is determined by the economics of production and consumption. The connection between business size variables—for example, employment—and FG is relatively strong because they are economic input factors, whereas the one with FTG is weaker because inventory and transportation costs come into play. Thus it is generally not correct to assume proportionality between FTG and business size or to assume that using constant FTG rates could be problematic. For instance, only 18% of the industry sectors in New York City exhibit constant FTG rates per employee. For economic and land use aggregation, the finer the level of detail the better, as independent variables have a better chance to explain FG-FTG. In the case of spatial aggregation, the correct aggregation procedure depends on the underlying disaggregate model. For a FG-FTG model to work well, both economic and land use and spatial aggregations must be appropriate.