Publication Detail

Examining the Effects of the Sacramento Dockless E-Bike Share on Bicycling and Driving



Suggested Citation:
Fitch, Dillon T., Hossain Mohiuddin, Susan L. Handy (2021) Examining the Effects of the Sacramento Dockless E-Bike Share on Bicycling and Driving. Sustainability 13 (1), 368

One way cities are looking to promote bicycling is by providing publicly or privately operated bike-share services, which enable individuals to rent bicycles for one-way trips. Although many studies have examined the use of bike-share services, little is known about how these services influence individual-level travel behavior more generally. In this study, we examine the behavior of users and non-users of a dockless, electric-assisted bike-share service in the Sacramento region of California. This service, operated by Jump until suspended due to the coronavirus pandemic, was one of the largest of its kind in the U.S., and spanned three California cities: Sacramento, West Sacramento, and Davis. We combine data from a repeat cross-sectional before-and-after survey of residents and a longitudinal panel survey of bike-share users with the goal of examining how the service influenced individual-level bicycling and driving. Results from multilevel regression models suggest that the effect of bike-share on average bicycling and driving at the population level is likely small. However, our results indicate that people who have used-bike share are likely to have increased their bicycling because of bike-share.

Key words: bike-share; bicycling; before-and-after; travel behavior; vehicle miles traveled; multilevel model